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catti 二级口译实务试题(二) 一、 English-Chinese Translation(本大题 2 小题. 每题 25.0 分, 共 50.0 分。 Translate the following passage(s) into Chinese ) 第1题 【正确答案】 : 我很高兴来到这里与大家一起通过《美国环境之窗》这个节目纪念第一个地球日。虽然我还 没有看过这个电视系列片。 但我通过配套的介绍材料知道这是一个大手笔。 节目制作者采访 了很多美国环保运动领袖,从七十年代的早期创始人到当代环保运动的参与者。// 我确信你们在这里会听到许多不同的观点,因为美国环保运动的多样性正是其强大影响 力的部分原因。 个人以及非政府组织能够表达自己的观点并在新闻媒体及选举过程中发表看 法,这些正是美国环保运动的基础,也是其至今长盛不衰的原因。1970 年那个地球日仍然 让我记忆犹新。 当时我在上小学, 那天我和同学们走到室外通过观察学校后面池塘里的生物 来了解我们的环境。那是第一个地球日,口号是“心系全球,从我做起” 。我们年轻的老师 希望我们更好地了解周围的环境。// 现在的老师们有各种各样精彩的教材来帮助学生们了解环境,学习诸如生物多样性、气 候变化和臭氧层保护等概念。而在七十年代,这些概念对我们来说仍是陌生的。但是我们听 说过有毒化学物质、荒漠化以及我们那次池塘研究的题目——水污染,还有土地使用问题。 我们当时通过学习去了解这些对我们的未来会产生多大的影响。// 1970 年地球日的创意是由个人, 而不是政府提出的, 因此它依靠其自身的力量发展壮大。 在第一年就有 2 千万美国人参与到活动中来。我们说“心系全球” ,但那时美国人还没有像 现在这样真正的想到美国本土以外的情况。同样,在 1970 年的中国,播出一部 22 集有关美 国的电视系列片也是不可想象的。 又过了两年之后, 美国总统尼克松访华的画面才在美国的 电视里播出,我们才开始有机会相互了解。// 今天,美国和中国在地球日这一天有许多共同的庆祝活动。我们两国在水土保持,濒危 物种保护, 新清洁能源开发等很多领域进行协作。 我们现在正与北京进行积极的合作以支持 其 2008 年绿色奥运的目标。我们还在进行气候变化的研究,并探索将氢能及核聚变作为能 源加以利用的可能性。美国政府,通过美国环保局,能源部。鱼和野生动物署,国家公园管 理局以及其他几十个这样的机构,正与中方的合作伙伴开展有效的合作。// 第2题 【正确答案】 : 推倒柏林墙的 17 年后,一个重新统一的德国将向世界敞开它的大门。2006 年的德国将成为 世界各国人民欢聚一堂、结交朋友的场所。本届世界杯将在全世界最好的赛场进行,它的象 征意义已远远超越了体育的范畴。1954 年德国在瑞士赢得世界杯冠军,以最优美的姿态重 返世界大家庭。// 2006 年,德国人将有机会改变某些关于德国的陈腐之词和先入为主的观念;整个世界也 将有机会亲眼目睹真实的德国是怎样奇妙的一个国度: 它美丽多姿的风景、 丰富的文化遗产 和聪慧友善的人民。 至于德国久负盛名的职业道德和组织才能, 我很高兴地告诉大家这些固 有的优秀品质现在依然很好地保持着,国际足联也很高兴有机会利用这一点。// 每届世界杯的投入从各个层面上来说都是巨大的。这项赛事不仅由德国国家资助,同时 也得到来自 “出借方” 和主办城市的资助。 我很高兴利用这个机会向工作者表示衷心的感谢, 他们热情尽职的工作使得这次赛事成为令人难忘的记忆。 今天的努力将在明天收获丰硕的成

果。在 2006 年,德国足球界将拥 12 个崭新或大幅度改良的体育场,德国人民也将受益于更 好的交通和接待设施。// 德国的足球俱乐部、学校以及全体德国人民都全力支持这项盛大赛事,进一步证明了足 球在我们所有人的生活中所发挥的非凡作用,而这一点其实已无需证明。在这方面,我要祝 贺德国足协能邀请到社会各阶层的人民参与这项盛会。和墨西哥、意大利、法国一样,德国 现在是第二次主办世界杯比赛。1974 年当德国第一次主办世界杯时,只有 16 支球队参加比 赛,包括现在已不存在的民主德国和扎伊尔。扎伊尔是来自非洲大陆的唯一代表。他们 14 次被攻破大门而无一进球。// 2006 年的世界杯将是完全不同的一届世界杯, 32 支球队将有资格参赛, 其中 5 支球队来 自非洲,他们的水平大有提高。这些成绩见证了国际足联在过去 25 年中为帮助各国球队平 等竞技所做出的努力。我将非常高兴地欢迎大家来到德国朋友中间。我们期待着能在 2006 看到您和我们共同庆祝这一欢聚! // 二、 Chinese-English Translation (本大题 2 小题. 每题 25.0 分, 共 50.0 分。 Translate the following passage(s) into English . ) 第1题 【正确答案】 : Since reform and opening-up, China has entered a period of rapid development, huge progress and profound transformation unprecedented in history. From 1979 to 2003. China registered a 9.4% annual growth rate for its national economy. 7% for people's consumption level and 16% for total import and export volume. China has become one of the fastest growing countries in the world. In 2003, the per capita GDP of China, a country of 1.3 billion people, exceeded US $1,000 for the first time and its people have on the whole been able to live a moderately comfortable life. // To address the outstanding problems in the national economy, the Chinese Government had taken a series of macro-control measures starting from the second half of 2003, which have yielded positive results within a short period. Some unhealthy and unstable factors in the economic performance have been contained and the national economy has maintained a momentum of stable and relatively fast development. China's GDP in 2004 is US $1.65 trillion, a 9.5% year-on-year growth, and its total import and export volume to exceed US $1.1547 trillion, rising from the fourth place in 2003 to the third in the world. // The sustained rapid development of China's economy is attributable to the following factors: the government's adherence to economic development as the central task, and solution to the problems on our way forward and to building socialist market economy as the direction of reform; our relentless efforts for institutional innovation, which has lent a strong impetus to socio-economic development; our policies of "inviting in" and "going out" and active participation in international economic and technical cooperation and competition in a bid to make full use of both domestic and foreign markets and resources. // The first two decades of this century is a period of important strategic opportunities for China's socio-economic development. In the next decade and more, we will strive to seize the opportunity and concentrate on building a society with moderate prosperity, so that in 2020 China's GDP will reach US $4 trillion, quadrupling that of 2000, and per capita GDP will reach US $3,000. By that time, China will be more developed economically, with an improved democracy system, advanced science and education and a flourishing culture, its people enjoying a better life in a harmonious society. //

第2题 【正确答案】 : During the Uruguay Round, GATT Members had worked very hard to bring it to a conclusion. However, the outcome of that Round turned out to be somewhat disappointing, in the sense that the imbalance in the world economy became more acute, and the problem of polarization was getting increasingly serious. As a result, developing countries took these as something unbearable, and the developed ones also felt the urgency of making a change. This is perhaps the primary reason why the current Doha round is named "Doha Development Agenda". This represents a major step forward in the history of the WTO. This is also a wise and visionary choice by the WTO Members. If the objectives of development can be realized through this Round, then countries, no matter rich or poor, would benefit from an environment favorable to sustainable development for co-existing in a world of greater harmony. // China would support a balanced outcome of the Doha Round. To us, it does not mean a self-balance through trade-off between the offensive and defensive interests of a particular developed country itself. Rather, it must be conducive to the achievement of overall balance for developing countries as a whole. As a matter of fact, there already exists a serious imbalance in terms of the general levels of development between the rich nations and the poor ones, with negative impact on the overall economic development of the whole world. To redress this imbalance. developed countries must do more in this Round and must be willing to consider offering sufficient policy space for developing countries. // Agriculture is the centerpiece of the Doha Round negotiations. Although both developed and developing countries are faced with pressures, the nature of their difficulties is very different. Of the 2.6 billion farming population in the world, 2.5 billion reside in the developing countries, and the majority of them arc living below poverty lines. Even if some developing countries were willing to embark on the road of trade liberalization, they would have to take into account the basic livelihood of millions or even billions of their farmers. To expose those poor farmers to further external shocks could trigger disastrous consequences. Should such scenario occur, the lifestyle of the rich countries would be endangered, too. //



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