2018-2019 学年度上学期高三年级期中考试 英语试卷
第一部分 阅读理解 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。
A Special Programs Career Stories What do you want to be when growing up? Hear first-hand from four Science Centre staff on the different career paths they have taken. Our real-life role models share their experiences and demonstrate that pathways to success, while unique to everyone, are based on the development of 21st century competencies and a commitment to lifelong learning. Duration: 60 minutes Time: 10:30-11:30 Dates: May 13 & 27, 2018 Price: $15 per student Climate Change Understand the complex connections between human activity, greenhouse gases, heat transfer and climate change. Investigate past climate data ,see ocean acidification in action and compare Canada to the world. Use a physical climate model to test whether you can stabilize the Earth’s climate. Duration: 45 minutes Times: 10-10:45, 11-11:45, 12-12:45, 1-1:45 and 2-2:45 Dates: June 18, 23 & 24, 2018 Price: $10 per student Characteristics of Electricity
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Witness the power of electricity with shocking demonstrations. From Galvani to Tesla,
rediscover the practical applications of current, circuits and resistance. Understand
how electric energy is generated, and be a part of a human electric circuit. Get
energized with a spark-tacular static electric discharge（静电释放）!
Duration: 55 minutes
Dates: July 24, 2018
Price: $10 per student
Mental Health: The Science of Anxiety
Your heart is racing, your mouth is dry and your stomach is in knots! Don’t worry,
everyone feels anxious sometimes. Explore what’s really going on in our brains when
we experience anxiety, how it affects our bodies and why stress can sometimes be a
good thing. This presentation explains how our brains and bodies react to stress,
while introducing students to evidence-based approaches. Mental health applies to
everyone — we can all take steps to enjoy life and deal with the challenges you face
Duration: 45 minutes
Dates: August 7, 8, 9, 10 & 11, 2018
Price: $10 per student
21. What do we know about the program Career Stories?
A. It offers tips on lifelong learning.
B. It is presented with moral stories.
C. It is based on first hand experiences.
D. It provides practical pathways to success.
22. Which of the programs is available in June?
A. Career Stories.
B. Climate Change.
C. Characteristics of Electricity. D. Mental Health: The Science of Anxiety.
23. What can you acquire in Mental Health: The Science of Anxiety?
A. How mental concerns are handled.
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B. How electric energy is generated. C. How a human electric circuit develops. D. How extreme feelings affect our bodies.
B If your cat often waits too long outside a t the door waiting to be let in, what would you do? Arkaitz Garro, a WeTransfer software engineer in Holland, decided to use his skills to solve the problem. Instead of setting up a good old cat-flap（猫洞） on his door, he went for a more high-tech solution involving artificial intelligence, motion-detection sensors, face recognition software and a messaging app. It may be overkill, but Arkait z claims that it only took him a few hours to do it, as all the hardware and software he used are readily available. It all started a few years ago, when Garro and his wife spotted a cat in their back balcony. Not knowing if it had been abandoned, lost by its owner, or simply homeless, they took it in, but also posted some pictures of it around their neighborhood, in case someone was looking for it. “We found out that the cat had an owner, just a few houses away and he was very happy to ‘share’ the cat with us. Now it has two families who love him,” Arkaitz said.“So, he has developed a schedule to come at around specific times.” The problem was that neither Garro nor his wife could simply stand by the door waiting for it to show up, so he came up with a device（装置） made up of a minicomputer complete with a camera that would use motion-detection（运动检测） and image-recognition AI software to automatically identify the cat and then message him so he could let the animal in. “We just want to be notified when he is around,” Arkaitz explained.“When it detects movement, it sends the picture to a recognition software, which checks against the identity of the cat based on previous imagery of the cat.” “It took me just a few hours to put all the pieces together and the software up and running, but some more time after to fine tune the software to be able to recognize
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the cat,” Arkaitz said, but in the end it proved to be effective.
24. What did Arkaitz Garro think of his invention?
A. It was money-saving.
B. It was eco-friendly.
C. It was time-consuming.
D. It was easily-made.
25. Why did Arkaitz Garro and his wife put up some pictures of the cat?
A. To seek a shelter for it.
B. To find its true owner.
C. To look for a potential buyer. D. To advertise its presence to its companions.
26. How does Arkaitz’s system check against his cat’s identity?
A. By matching its image.
B. By identifying its smell.
C. By measuring its size.
D. By recognizing its voice.
27. What is the last step of Arkaitz’s system when it works?
A. Send a message. B. Send the picture.
C. Detect movement. D. Require identification.
C Cameron is no ordinary dog, and not just because he was born on Valentine’s Day. To Maggie, a first-grader at Burgundy Farm Country Day School, the dog who spends most days on campus is more like a friend. When Cameron is near, Maggie feels “really, really, happy,” she said.“I feel safe around him,” she added.“He’ll lie down and ask me to scratch his tummy,” she explained, because Cameron likes Maggie. Cameron is one of a handful of dogs at Burgundy, a K8 private day school in Alexandria, Virginia. Dogs started showing up there when the head of school, Jeff Sindler, brought his clumsy Labrador, Luke, to the main office building where Sindler works. After Luke died, Sindler adopted Cameron and brought him to campus, too, where the dog Maggie described as “really cute” became a school favorite. “They don’t care if you’re good at basketball, or a great reader, or popular,” Sindler said. “They just want to be loved — equal opportunity,” he added. Cameron and the other dogs on campus — always fastened with a rope and with their owner — go a long way toward improving students’ social and emotional wellbeing, he said. They reduce tension and ease anxiety, and inspire happy feelings from students.
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“They bring out some super-basic and important emotions,” he said, “and are
especially helpful for children and adults who struggle in social communication.”
Children often came from challenging backgrounds: many lived in poverty, or had to
travel through dangerous neighborhoods to get to school, or shared a too-crowded home.
When these emotionally needy children met the dogs, they relaxed and were more prepared
Just as important, dogs on school grounds set a positive, welcoming tone. They help
preserve the school climate that is accepting, supportive and curious.“Dogs are one
way to hold on to that,” Sindler said, adding that “schools should be fun and exciting,
and dogs can be a big part of that.”
For Sindler, including Cameron was all part of an effort to create a safe environment
where learning could flourish.
28. What makes the dog Cameron really special?
A. His rare category.
B. His particular birthmark.
C. His attractive appearance. D. His companionable nature.
29. How do dogs on campus improve students’ social and emotional wellbeing?
A. By playing fetch together fondly. B. By offering them comfort equally.
C. By playing basketball together freely. D. By walking a long way together happily.
30. What does the underlined word “that” in paragraph 5 refer to?
A. A positive tone.
B. The school ground.
C. A welcoming attitude. D. The school atmosphere.
31. What’s the purpose of the passage?
A. To encourage schools to bring in more dogs.
B. To explain why dogs help students with learning.
C. To introduce a way to help students grow healthily.
D. To explore the possibility to challenge no-dog rules.
D People who risk their lives to save strangers do so without deliberation, according to a Yale-led analysis of statements from more than 50 recognized civilian heroes
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published online Oct. 15 in the journal PLOS ONE. “We wonder if people who act with extreme altruism（利他主义） do so without thinking,
or if conscious self-control is needed to override negative emotions like fear,” said David Rand, a Yale psychologist who authored the study with Ziv G. Epstein of Pomona College in Claremont, Calif.“Our analyses show that strongly, extreme altruists report acting first and thinking later.”
Rand, who studies human cooperation, got hundreds of participants to read 51 statements made by individuals who have received the Carnegie Hero Medal, given to civilians who risk their lives to save strangers. Participants analyzed those statements for evidence of whether they acted intuitively or with deliberation. An analysis of text by computer did the same.
“What you don’t find in the statements is people who say ,‘I thought it over and I decided it was the right thing to do,’” Rand said.
Instead, most responded like Christine Marty, a 21yearold college student who rescued a 69year old trapped in a car during a flashflood.
“I’m thankful I was able to act and not think about it,” Marty said in a statement. The findings are consistent with Rand’s previous studies of cooperation in
“economic games,” where participants choose whether or not to share resources. In these studies, subjects forced to think carefully tend to be selfish while those using intuition（直觉） are more likely to be cooperative.
Rand cautions that intuitive responses are not necessarily genetically hard-coded. He believes people learn that helping others is often in their own long-term self-interest and develop intuitive habits of cooperation, rather than possessing an inborn tendency preserved by evolution.
“The best evolutionary outcome is to be able to learn, adapting to whether you were born into a situation where it is typically good to cooperate or to be selfish,” he said.
32. What conclusion was drawn from David Rand’s study? A. Heroes help without thinking. B. Heroes offer help on purpose.
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C. Heroes have a better self-control. D. Heroes think carefully before they act.
33. How did Rand conduct his study?
A. By analysing heroes’ life stories. B. By interviewing heroes on the spot.
C. By studying heroes’ opinions about their behaviors.
D. By keeping track of heroes’ conscious self-control.
34. What can we infer about Rand’s opinion on heroes’ behavior?
A. It is inborn.
B. It is acquired.
C. It is well-planned.
D. It is half-born and half-made.
35. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
A. How heroes stepped out of danger
B. How heroes help others out of trouble
C. Heroes don’t deliberate before they act
D. Heroes deserve the Carnegie Hero Medal
第二节七选五（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
Ways to reduce plastic waste
Plastic is found in virtually everything these days. Your food is packaged in it.
Your car, phone and computer are made from it. 36 . While most plastics are
advertised as recyclable, the reality is that they’re “downcycled.”
Luckily, there are simple steps you can take to dramatically decrease the amount
of plastic waste you produce.
One of the easiest ways to keep plastic out of the landfill is to refuse plastic
straws. Simply inform your waiter or waitress that you don’t need one, and make sure
to state this clearly when ordering at a drive-thru. Can’t stand giving up the
convenience of straws? 38
. Restaurants are less likely to bring you a plastic
one if they see that you’ve brought your own.
Use reusable produce bags
About one million plastic bags are used every minute. A single plastic bag can take
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1,000 years to degrade. If you’re already bringing reusable bags to the grocery store,
you’re on the right track. Purchase some reusable produce bags and help keep even
more plastic out of the landfill. However, avoid those bags made from nylon or
if you need to light a candle, build a campfire or start a fire for any
other reason. These cheap plastic devices sit in landfills for years and have even
been found in dead birds’ stomachs. If you can’t bear to part with your lighter,
pick up a refillable metal one to help cut down on waste.
A. Say no to straws B. Choose cotton ones instead C. Don’t use plastic container D. Choose matches over plastic lighters E. Most restaurants will have no problem with it F. And you might even chew on it daily in the form of gum G. Purchase a reusable stainless steel or glass drinking straw
第二部分 语言知识运用 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各 题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
At his graduation ceremony, my younger brother Peter presented me with a rose. I was trying to look 41 , but I had just had a major disagreement with my friend. I felt like a fading flower as I stood there, 42 three of his friends around: Jen, Beth and Angelika. They were all 43 . Jen was leaving for Kansas the next day, and she cried as she 44 Peter goodbye. One of the rosebuds in her dress must have come 45 and fallen to the ground as they were hugging. With the girls walking away, Peter 46 down and picked it up. The rose lay there in his 47 , for the taking. “For you, Maria.” I couldn’t help smiling. It was so 48 of him to know how to make things better.
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In my 49 , Peter knows flowers. When we had moved into our present 50 outside
Philadelphia, a rosebush was lying against the back fence, leafless. Daddy was
51 to dig it up and plant a new one, but Peter wouldn’t 52 him.
“Son, look how dry that is,” said Dad, 53 a branch, “all in the inside there.”
Peter told Dad to give him 54 a few weeks and bent next to the bush, 55
his fingers over the dirt at its base. Then Peter launched a（n）
for it. Early in June a single blossom（花朵） turned red among green leaves. That
was when I first 57 Peter had a gift for flowers.
Now when Peter passed me that 58 , I felt all my troubles faded into the
background. 59 would be OK tomorrow, and
60 it didn’t — well, it
As always, Peter knew how to make things better.
41. A. cheerful
42. A. patting
43. A. disappointed B. wonderful
44. A. hugged
45. A. alive
46. A. turned
47. A. shoulder
48. A. selfish
49. A. memory
50. A. hotel
51. A. anxious
52. A. stop
53. A. giving away B. setting out
54. A. just
55. A. pressing
56. A. relief
C. honest C. inviting C. sad C. said C. open C. leaned C. pocket C. generous C. dream C. corner C. ready C. scold C. putting up C. quite C. hurting C. rescue
D. bored D. greeting D. enthusiastic D. offered D. easy D. sat D. bag D. modest D. voice D. flat D. eager D. let D. breaking off D. over D. dipping D. intelligence
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57. A. recalled 58. A. leaf 59. A. Nothing 60. A. if
B. declared B. spade B. Anything B. unless
C. heard C. rose C. Something C. while
D. knew D. branch D. Everything D. as
第二节语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
阅读下面短文，在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Baidu is not a doctor
When people 61
(face) with health or nutrition questions, it is
(increasing) common to go online and diagnose themselves. But the Internet
is full of conflicting health warnings with no regulation to get rid of the wrong
advice, some of which 63
(be) extremely dangerous! Also, search engines rank
results by 64
(popular) rather than accuracy, so solid facts can be tricky
to find. It is worth 65
(check) if the writer of an online piece is properly
qualified as an expert. Anyone can call 66
(they) a “diet expert”,
“nutritionist” and even a “doctor” — given it could refer to qualifications like
a PhD. But remember, only officially 67
(recognize) practicing doctors as
well as dietitians have degrees in giving medical 68
(suggest). So if you
are unsure and still wondering 69
the chocolate diet really does work or
not, then it pays to make 70
appointment with your dietician or doctor. The
truth is out there, and you just need to look in the right place!
第三节 词汇运用（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
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注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。
I will share one experience with you. With the College Entrance Examination draw near, I was filled with great anxiety. However, I couldn’t be absorbed in study, resulting from my failing in the examination. I got very discouraging. Just then, my teacher, Miss Zhang, approach me and said, “In life we all have moment when we can’t achieve what we want it. It is natural. Don’t allow those moments to weaken you, and turn them into motivation to inspire you.” Her words were a reminder which provided myself with constant encouragement to smile at life. Consequently, I gained what I deserved.
So it is an optimistic attitude which matters most of all. It gives you the confidence to deal with difficulties and to achieve what you want in your life. 第二节书面表达（满分 25 分）
假定你是李华，你的留学生朋友 Eric 对中国书法（Chinese Calligraphy）很感兴趣，想 与你一起参加书法班的学习。请你写封邮件告知他上课的相关情况。 内容包括： 1. 时间和地点； 2. 学习内容：如何握笔、练习基本笔画（strokes of Chinese characters）等； 3. 课前准备：毛笔和宣纸（rice paper）。 注意： 1. 词数 100 左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
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第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
21~25 CBADB 26~30 AADBD 31~35 CACBC
第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
第三部分语言知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
41~45 ADCAB 46~50 CBBAB 51~55 CDDAB 56~60 CDCDA
61. are faced
67. recognized/recognised 68. suggestions
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I will share one experience with you. With the College Entrance Examination draw
was filled with great anxiety. However, I couldn’t be absorbed in study, resulting
from my failing
in the examination. I got very discouraging. Just then, my teacher, Miss Zhang,
approach me and
said, “In life we all have moment when we can’t achieve what we want it. It is natural.
allow those moments to weaken you, and turn them into motivation to inspire you.”
were a reminder which provided myself with constant encouragement to smile at life.
Consequently, I gained what I deserved.
So it is an optimistic attitude which matters most of all. It gives you the
confidence to deal
with difficulties and to achieve what you want in your life.
Now I am writing to provide you with further information about the Chinese
Calligraphy class you concern. I believe learning Chinese Calligraphy can deepen
your understanding of Chinese people and culture.
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The class will be held from 9:00 to 10:00 on Sunday mornings in the learning center on Fang Hua Road, not far from where you live. Don’t forget to bring a writing brush and some rice paper, as the class will begin with instructions on how to hold the brush and write basic strokes. After that, basic structures of Chinese characters and the right orders of writing in Chinese will be taught.
I am looking forward to seeing you in the class. Yours truly, Li Hua
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2018-2019 学年度上学期高三年级期中考试 英语试卷